This section is about emerging from a minor road into a major road, or to put it another way, from a side road into a main road.


Basic routine - MSPSL
Mirrors: Start by checking your mirrors. Be sure to know what is on your left side if turning left, and your right side if turning right.

Signal: If turning left or right, let other road users know your intentions by giving a signal in plenty of time. Look out for side roads and avoid giving a misleading signal.

Position: When turning left, approach the corner on the left side, around a metre from the kerb. Look for the point at which the kerb bends away from you and start to steer left at that moment. Continue to follow the kerb, steering as much as is necessary to maintain a steady distance of around a metre. When turning right, position next to the white centre lines and keep straight until after you have entered the new road. Time your steering so you turn onto the left side of the new road. If traveling ahead at a crossroads, keep to the left when possible. Position towards the right only if you have a reason for doing so.


Speed: Start slowing down well before the junction. While doing so, assess how much you can see to the left and right. The more limited your view on approach, the slower you need to be as you approach the give way lines. You may need to stop to allow other road users to pass, or you may be able to maintain a "controlled roll" while assessing whether it is safe to proceed. To continue safely, you should be able to clear the junction without causing another road user to after their speed or direction.

Look: Start looking right and left as early as you can on approach to the junction. You must look both ways at least once before you reach the give way lines. At a crossroads, remember to also look into the road ahead. Watch for pedestrians crossing near the junction and other road users who may appear suddenly from outwith your zone of vision. Keep looking right and left (and also ahead if necessary) until you are certain it is safe to proceed.

Making a decision - LADA
Look: Keep looking as your view improves. Keep turning your head from side to side.

Assess: Assess the movements of other road users. How far are they? Where are they going? What speed are they traveling at? Are they accelerating or slowing down?

Decide: While assessing the situation, you must decide when it is safe to proceed. Remember, you do not have priority at this junction so your actions should not cause another road user to have to change their speed or direction. If someone else is waiting for you or signalling for you to proceed, be sure to check it is definitely safe before taking action.

Act: When it is safe to proceed, look in the direction you are going and move off promptly.

Priority at crossroads
If turning right in front of another road user would cause them to have to change speed or direction, you should cede priority to them. Therefore, if you are emerging at a crossroads and turning right, anyone coming towards you who is going left or ahead at the junction has priority over you.

If you are turning left or ahead while emerging at the crossroads, you have priority over approaching road users intending to turn right.

Even when it is your priority, another road user may disregard the rule and attempt to proceed anyway. Keep this in mind and be prepared to give way at any time if necessary.

If you are turning right and so is another road user opposite you, neither of you has priority. Try to read their body language and make eye contact if possible. If the other road user is keen to go, you should wait. If they are happy to wait, you should make sure it is safe in all directions and then proceed with the right turn in the usual way.

Emerging will generally be done in first or second gear. On approach, try to establish whether you are dealing with an open or closed junction. If you are able to see clearly in all directions on approach, it is an open junction. If the view is limited, it is a closed junction. Second gear may be used if the junction is open and you can see it is safe to maintain momentum. If the junction is closed, first gear will be required to gain full control of the vehicle as you crawl slowly forwards.

Get animated examples with the interactive Give Way app for iPad